The Ancient Dominion


The Ancient Dominion
«старый доминион». Официальное прозвище штата Виргиния, на территории которого возникла первая английская колония на Североамериканском континенте—Джеймстаун. Колония была основана «джентльменами», рассчитывавшими на легкую жизнь за счет труда других. Отсюда и связанное с этим другое прозвище Виргинии исторического характера — the Cavalier State — «штат кавальеров». («Кавальеры» Виргинии во время английской буржуазной революции XVIII в. выступали на стороне короля, против парламента.) Виргиния играла ведущую роль среди рабовладельческих штатов Юга. Ласкательно-сентиментальное Old Virginia («старая Виргиния», «старушка Виргиния») символизирует старый рабовладельческий Юг, о временах которого все еще с грустью вздыхают расистски настроенные потомки плантаторов-рабовладельцев.

Америка через американизмы. — М.: «Высшая школа». . 1982.

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